Paving way for digital transformation in Cuba via agro-industrial development

UNIDO’s Industrial Upgrading and Modernization Programme in Cuba has successfully completed its agro-chemical sector upgrading component, playing a vital role in fostering inclusive and sustainable industrial development in the country. It has also laid the groundwork for a digitalization-driven intervention. Through the integration of strategic planning, technological advancements, and capacity building, the project has significantly contributed to Cuba’s agricultural self-sufficiency, reinforcing local expertise in agro-chemical innovation.

UNIDO’s six-year pilot project in Cuba aimed to enhance Cuba’s agrochemical sector, implemented as part of the “Technological and Enterprise Upgrading Programme on Agro-Chemical and Agriculture Machinery Production Sector,” has been successfully concluded. The project’s efforts focused on fine-tuning scientific research and promoting eco-fertilizers to improve food security. By analyzing the Cuban fertilizer and agricultural machinery sectors, a Sectoral Strategy was developed to guide a series of supportive actions.

The project comprises three components: upgrading pilot manufacturing enterprises, modernizing agro-chemical and agricultural machinery industry, and reinforcing human and technical capacities. These efforts led to an agrochemical breakthrough that culminated in the registration of a brand for innovative liquid fertilizer, which demonstrated unparalleled impact on yield increases. 

To promote the eco-fertilizer, a marketing and value chain strategy was implemented, resulting in its patenting and rebranding as “VITAPLIC Foliar.” The product gained a wide national recognition and support of the Government of Cuba for its agronomical benefits. 

According to the recent acknowledgement received from the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment of Cuba, UNIDO’s international cooperation project has had “a great impact on agricultural development and food sovereignty in the country.”

Looking ahead, DAS is taking next steps to upscale the project adding a digital and AI-powered transformation component, further strengthening Cuba’s agro-industrial capacities with a greater focus on agricultural machinery upgrading, as well as the adoption of satellite- and drone-supported precision agriculture practices. With the Government’s support, VITAPLIC production is projected to be further increased to meet the growing national demand while being promoted internationally. 

For more information, please contact: Farrukh Alimdjanov, e-mail:


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